It is at the forefront of the construction of the energy Europe and the energy transition. Of all powers, electricity is indeed the one that will participate most massively and most rapidly in the process of decarbonizing our economies through the development of renewable energies (RE). By 2030, 50% of European electricity will have to be of renewable origin if we want renewable energy to represent 30% of the final energy consumption, which is the target set by the European Union at this time, said by level 2 electrician.
This over-contribution of electricity to the collective effort is explained by its strong ability to integrate a wide range of generation sources – wind, solar, biomass, hydro, geothermal – for uses that are themselves multiple: the transportation, industry, heating, lighting.
In 2030, more than 50% of the electricity transported by the electricity grid will be produced by renewable energies.What are the issues for RTE and the other European managers?
Our biggest challenge is the flexibility of the European electrical system. This requirement is related to the intermittent nature of renewable RE production that fluctuates with weather conditions. Until now, the output of power plants – oil, nuclear, gas – whose electricity injected into our transmission networks was decided by the operators. Tomorrow, RTE and other European managers will have to continue to ensure the security of supply for all European households regardless of the level of RE production.
The Electrical System Must Gain Flexibility. What Initiatives Have Already Been Undertaken, In Particular By Rte?
For RTE, as for all network managers, the action is at the supranational level and in each country, with a typical challenge: to improve the coordination of the management of the electricity system at European level to reinforce its flexibility to maintain a high level of security. This requires enhanced cooperation, an impetus that began in 2008 with two initiatives that play a significant coordinating role today:
ENTSO-E, the association of 43 European network operators, born in 2009 from a European Directive. This organization is a cooperation body for planning the development of our networks and R & D but also the definition of the rules of operation of the electricity market and the operation of the European electricity system. RTE is part of the governance of ENTSO-E and is also very involved in the development of network codes;
CORESO, a coordination center created in 2008 at the initiative of RTE and the Belgian Elia to strengthen our regional cooperation at the operational level, which is now familiar to 8 European managers.
At the national level, RTE also invests in connection with the master plans for the development of renewable energies, in particular, to connect future production sites. RTE is also developing “smart” solutions that can be used to create demand management mechanisms or to facilitate the integration of renewable energy.